Shattered Dreams: Trust and Hope

(This is Part 3 of a 4 part sermon series. Before reading farther, take a moment and read Ruth Chapter 3 from the Old Testament)

It was on the eve of a critical battle that the general walked among his troops.  There was a group of local militia who seemed most like a mob and untrained.  He turned to his closest advisors and said, “I don’t know anything about these soldiers.”  The next group he came to were recruits fresh from basic training.  To his advisors he said, “I think I can trust these soldiers.”  Then he came to a group who stood at attention with stern lips and weapons at the ready.  They had served for sometime alongside the general in many battles.  The general turned to his advisors again. “These men I know I can trust!”

Trust in God grows from time spent in the battles of life.  Just as soldiers grow to trust their commander because of experiencing faithfulness, we grow to trust God, first in the small struggles.  When we “grow up in faith,” through practices of prayer, giving, worshipping and serving, not only do we grow in our trust of God, but God does the real work of forming us into the image of Jesus Christ.  This is what Paul tells us in 2 Corinthians 3:   17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 and we all, who with unveiled faces contemplatea the Lord’s glory, are being transformed into his image with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit. (2 Corinthians 3:17-18)

God is not in the business of simply blessing our dreams and desires for fairy tale “happy-ever-afters.” If our understanding of religion is to learn the secrets of principles and practices to get “good stuff” from God to make us content and successful, then we are missing the point of what God’s word has been saying to us.  So what can we count on God for? In Shattered Dreams, Dr. Crabb states simply: “We can count on God to patiently remove all the obstacles to our enjoyment of Him (pg 144).”

The Gospel of Jesus Christ is not a principle-based teaching that presents us the secret to a happy life. It is the truth that God keeps First Things First and God’s First Thing is a relationship with us and He will not allow lesser things to get in the way.  We can deny it all we want and we even will argue the point but we only NEED God.  The Psalmist describes it so clearly when he writes, “As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul pants for you, O God. (Psalm 42:1)”   So keep in mind, a week is about the longest anyone can go without water but more typically it is 3-4 days. (  So the question for us rests on how much more do we desire God over the things and stuff of this world?

Naomi had lost husband and sons.  She and her daughter-in-law, Ruth, were vulnerable.  Because of the cultural traditions, they couldn’t access the property and wealth of her husband and sons. Someone must redeem it.  Naomi knew all this and with the kindness shown by Boaz, Naomi began to dream a new dream.  No arranged marriage and no inheritance would make it possible.  It was trust and hope - in the character of Boaz but more so than that, it is in God as she proclaims in 2:20, “He (the Lord) has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead.”

Our desire though is to feel better.  We confuse our feelings with facts and we live in a society where this is encouraged.  But feelings are fleeting.  DBT therapy describes feelings as clouds.  They take different shapes and forms and then dissipate as the days go on.  Naomi cautions Ruth, “Wait, my daughter, until you find out what happens.  For the man will not rest until the matter is settled today (v18).”  God is in no rush.

In his book, “Where Is God When It Hurts,” Philip Yancey makes a simple point about hope saying, “True hope is honest.”  It believes that even when “...the worst has happened...a person...can stand up and continue” (pg 211).  Yancey goes on to point out this isn’t a pollyanna hope.  It is a real hope, one that honestly views God’s Word and sees there is place for both miraculous healing and the pain of long-suffering.  Naomi had reason to hope and reason to dream new dreams even in the midst of shattered dreams.

What is our alternative?  I am forced, because of the continuing horrific acts of terrorism and the tragedy in Paris, to address, at least in part, the problem of evil, the issue of theodicy.  I do so by sharing the words of Dr. Jerry Walls who wrote, following 9/11:

“Those who give up their faith in a good God because innocent men and women were killed have, ironically, consigned those people to oblivion. If there is no God, there is no good reason to believe those men and women will ever life again.  There is no hope that can reach them. But if one continues to believe in God, one retains the hope that even such a terrible situation as this can be resolved in the end.  God can and will restore the lives of those people.  Indeed, no innocent suffered will be lost or forgotten in God’s final reckoning. (Good News Magazine, Nov/Dec 2001)."

What is our dream though?  Is there hope in this present life for those who suffer?  Of course!  But there is something more which the Christian is to hope for, it is what Paul writes the Roman church in 8:16-18 (ESV)  (16) The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,  (17)  and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.  (18)  For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us.  

Naomi had hope in God for a redeeming work. She does discover a new dream.  But through her dream, we must not miss the greater dream God has for us - to see an end of suffering and to become, through sanctification, like Jesus Christ!  Naomi’s lesson for us is to hope and trust in the promises of God; to be faithful even in suffering as we become the children of God.

Works Cited and Referenced:

Where Is God When It Hurts? Philip Yancey

"Making Sense of Evil." Jerry Walls. Good News Magazine, Nov/Dec 2001)

"Here's How Many Days A Person Can Survive Without Water." Dina Spector.  Business  May 9, 2014.

Shattered Dreams: Feeling Grief - Seeing Grace

(This is Part 2 of a 4 part sermon series. Before reading farther, take a moment and read Ruth Chapter from the Old Testament)

Some things in life cannot be fixed. They can only be carried.  -Megan Devine (

Everyone has an opinion on suffering.  Usually we are wrong. I say we're wrong primarily because we human creatures work so hard at avoiding pain. The end of chapter one of Ruth highlights this. We quickly skip over Naomi’s name change but it is the vital and raw reality - faith being confronted with real life.  Call me MARA - “I am bitter!” Come to think on it, I don’t think I’ve ever heard a Christian song about Ruth 1.  Human beings are uncomfortable with this topic in our age and Christians in particular have cringed and sulked in the shadow of suffering and pain.

Some come up with excuses to lay blame on those who suffer such as the pastor who declared on TV as I awaited surgery for my cancer in 2000, “The reason bad things happen is because you’ve taken Jesus off the throne of your heart.” Some such as Rabbi Kushner come to see God as limited by the laws of nature and by human nature and moral freedom (134).  Still for others, it is to journey the Buddhist way, to deaden pain by denying our desires, to deny joy and passion.

Naomi’s response? “This stinks! God, I know you are somewhere in all this and I’m bitter because you’ve done NOTHING!” I get that! I still had my cancerous testical removed. I still collapsed under clinical depression. I faithfully worked to start a church - I worked on something so big that it could only succeed if God showed up and God didn’t.  I lost almost 50% of vision in one eye and a year later it happened to the other one.  My wife has stage 4 cancer now - I’m ready to go for a name change too and bitter sounds like as good as any other.  God hasn’t fixed any of these yet.  I’m carrying.

In Aushwitz, psychotherapist named Viktor Frankl suffered and saw others suffer and die at the hands of Nazis. He observed that those who most often survived were those who found meaning, or better still, MADE meaning.  Frankl wrote in his book, “Man’s Search for Meaning,” that though “ cannot change a situation that causes his suffering, he can still choose his attitude. (172)”   Like Hercules’ battle with the Hydra, we can cut off many arguments and causes for suffering and a new “head” of pain and suffering will arise.  

But “Hope has its own rhythm.  We can’t rush it,” writes Larry Crabb.  For whatever reason though, we try to place limits.  Crabb warns of two temptations we find in the church.  1) Mourning has a time limit and 2) there is a proper way to mourn (pg 65). I think there is at least a third that there is a spiritual formula to provide us an out. We want to believe there is a secret principle to get us out of suffering. I’ve seen/heard these in the stories told by other caregivers and in some of my own friendships. The principle that Naomi's story teaches? The way out, the way of hope is through.

Such ideas are completely foreign to the story of Ruth and Naomi.  In the movement from chapter 1 to 2, Ruth is shown as Naomi’s companion.  When she speaks in 2:2  does she tell Naomi, it is time to get over it?  Nope.  She asks, ‘Let me go to the field and glean among the ears of grain, behind someone in whose sight I may find favour.’ Naomi said to her, ‘Go, my daughter.’ (2:2)  We don’t know what stage of grief Naomi is in and we see Ruth doesn’t dwell on “fixing” Naomi’s faith - she goes about taking care of other needs.  Ruth leaves room for God to work in Naomi’s life.

C.S. Lewis, one of the most significant authors and Christian thinkers of the 20th Century, wrote about his own struggle with pain.  Most are aware of his book “The Problem of Pain,” but it is in his later book, “A Grief Observed,” that he writes about the death of his wife, Joy, who died of cancer.  He cautions us on our words to those who suffer:

“Talk to me about the truth of religion and I'll listen gladly.
Talk to me about the duty of religion and I'll listen submissively.
But don't come talking to me about the consolations of religion or I shall suspect that you don't understand.” (pg 19, Location 358 of 849)

Even as she was feeling grief, Naomi remained attentive to grace.  Though she was bitter, Naomi could see better than most when she heard from Ruth about her time in the field.   When she heard the name of Boaz, she was given hope; hope that God was not ignoring her cry but at work for she was in need.  That need was for a redeemer.  

It is hard not to miss we have the same need.  In our own grief we may well find God being silent, uncaring.  It may make us bitter.  But Ruth, in her bitterness, had been surrounded by home - God’s people.  And in that place - she allowed room for hope and found grace.    It is a grace which is available to us still in Jesus Christ...

Hebrews 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Jesus offers a living faith; an empathetic faith; a faith for the present time.  Borrowed faith cannot sustain us.  In the aftermath of shattered dreams, surrounded by the followers of God, we learn the lesson of Ruth to allow ourselves to hope for new dreams, dreams which come from a living God; a redeeming God who even redeems our suffering and pain.

Works Cited and Referenced:

Bakers Evangelical Bible DIcitonary ( )

For other books cited here, see my previous post: Sojourn of Suffering

Shattered Dreams: Sojourn of Suffering

(Part 1 of 4)

During my time in ministry, twice I slid into depression.  There were a couple of causes related to this, primarily it was the handling of stress and during the last time, I was referred to the book “Shattered Dreams” by Dr. Larry Crabb. It was then and remains a foundational book in my library. It helped me through that time and led me to other books and authors that have helped me deal with the issue of pain and suffering. As you can imagine, I returned to it again over this past year and have read others.  My hope and prayer in this series is to help us all wrestle with the issue of suffering and pain in our world and our faith.

From the outset, there is a clarification I need to make and it is primarily what subject matter I want to touch on here.  The word theodicy, is the word we use to describe our attempt to understand God’s justice in a world of evil.  This usually overlaps with the problem of suffering and pain.  And while this in most cases makes good sense, I want to keep this separate, not because I don’t think theodicy isn’t important (it is profoundly important!) but because suffering and pain do not necessitate the presence of evil as a cause and in the Book of Ruth, the issue of evil is not brought to the forefront.  

As a confession, let me say whenever I read authors or hear speakers/pastors talk about pain and suffering and theodicy, there is often a credibility issue. The credentials aren’t pasted on walls but on scars, “what have you suffered that I should listen to you?” Mine comes from being a testicular cancer survivor, a depression survivor, failing as a church planting pastor, and living with a vascular condition in my eyes that has taken nearly 50% of my vision. But none of those has prepared me for the pain and struggle of being the primary caregiver of a spouse with stage 4 cancer as I am today. Are there some worse than me? Sure, but I think those are sufficient. And as I look at Naomi’s story in the Book of Ruth, I find a story where I can relate.

So let me introduce Naomi to you. She is a  Hebrew wife and mother who, with her family travel to Moab during a famine in Judah.  There, her two sons marry Moabite women.  But her husband dies and then her two sons, leaving her a widow and helpless in a foreign land.  She chooses to return to Judah and her daughter-in-law’s follow until she dismisses them.  One leaves but Ruth has other plans - to follow Naomi.

Ruth 1:16-22  But Ruth said, ‘Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following you!Where you go, I will go; where you lodge, I will lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God my God.  Where you die, I will die, there will I be buried.May the Lord do thus and so to me, and more as well, if even death parts me from you!’ When Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her. So the two of them went on until they came to Bethlehem. When they came to Bethlehem, the whole town was stirred because of them; and the women said, ‘Is this Naomi?’ She said to them,‘Call me no longer Naomi, call me Mara,   for the Almighty has dealt bitterly with me. I went away full  but the Lord has brought me back empty; why call me Naomi when the Lord has dealt harshly with me, and the Almighty has brought calamity upon me?’ So Naomi returned together with Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, who came back with her from the country of Moab. They came to Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

Here is the thing.  This is NOT what should have happened to Naomi! She is of God’s chosen people.   Yet here  she is now.  She  knew what it meant to really go hungry. She has lost all that is meaningful to her - her husband and her sons.  No one to watch over her and care for her. She is hurt and in pain.  When she arrives in Bethlehem she even changes her name so everyone knows how bitter she is.

Now note what Naomi says in 1:20 - “I went away full, but the Lord has brought me back empty.”  Naomi declares she holds God responsible.  I think she is right to do so, after all, God DID make this world. Contrast this with the book of Job.  Job’s three friends almost can’t wait  to point their fingers back at Job - “What did YOU do, Job?” To this  day, this seems to be the default  approach to suffering su;rely WE did something bad to suffer like this! But thankfully Naomi has Ruth.  Ruth doesn’t blame Naomi, she sticks by her.  Ruth remains silent and consistent.

When it comes to suffering and pain, the issues of disease, accidents, disasters, and numerous other causes; we are likely not going to discover the meaning  for our suffering and pain in a day or a week or maybe, even years. We can ask, as Rabbi Harold Kushner brings up in his book, “When Bad Things Happen to Good People” - “Why did this happen? Why do I deserve it?  But Kushner writes and points out this is not particularly helpful question (pg 136). Kushner offers a better question to be sure but I think it isn’t sufficient.  

I believe there is a better question to ask.  It will come at another time, maybe not immediately, but in its time, hopefully we can deal with it.  I word  it this way, “ It has happened but will I continue to cooperate with God’s grace?”

This is question came arose from a lot of time with various traditions and  sources.  One was the early church leader, Irenaeus who had a unique opinion of the world God created.  He argued that God created human beings to continue to grow. God intended there to be some adversity in the world God created.  And as sin does with everything good that God makes, it has been made worse a thousand times over. (referenced Jerry Walls, “Making Sense of Evil,” Good News Magazine.)

Ironically, if we give up the idea of a good God in the midst of suffering and pain, we give up hope that our pain can be redeemed, and those who die are condemned to nothingness.  At few times and to few people, God has revealed ways in which he works.  It is not likely God is going to reveal that way.    I don’t expect God is going to do that for me but I will not give up the idea of God being a good God and so I have hope there will be meaning.

By choosing to cooperate with God’s grace, we are choosing to recognize some of our dreams and ideas about our world and about God, need to be shattered.  They need to be shattered to make room for new dreams, better dreams.  Hope makes that possible I think.  But it is also a pattern Jesus did this to his disciples and their idea that God’s Messiah, the World’s Savior would be a great warrior. They left home, careers, and even their religion to follow Jesus Christ.

Many people were traveling with Jesus. He said to them, “If you come to me but will not leave your family, you cannot be my follower. You must love me more than your father, mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters—even more than your own life!  Whoever will not carry the cross that is given to them when they follow me cannot be my follower. Luke 14:25-27 (ERV)

Larry Crabb writes, “As long as our purpose is to have a good time...God becomes merely a means to an end, an object to be used (Shattered Dreams, 32).  Perhaps we’re meant to learn that the richest hope permits the deepest suffering (45).”

So what do we learn from Naomi in this first part of her story?  What is Naomi’s response to the question: “Will you continue to cooperate with God’s grace?” You need only look where she went: she “...set out on the road that would take them back to land of Judah (1:7).”  Empty and bitter though she was, Naomi seeks refuge among the people of God  Naomi returned to the place which raised her and taught her faith - she went home, where she could weep with those who weep and rejoice with those who rejoice (Romans 12:15)

Has anything really changed?   I see it far too often people leaving the church and God’s people in times of suffering.  Sometimes it is because people were more like Job’s friends and less like Ruth.  Sometimes it is because we think God needs to be defended, when in truth, people need to have hope that pain and suffering can be redeemed. Sometimes, the pain and grief is paralyzing and no one is there on the path like Ruth was. I have no doubt there are more but I think our opening hymn said it best this morning, for when dreams shatter, our hope is built on nothing less than Jesus blood and righteousness.  And when we’re done - when we’re worn out - we are being called to return to our “Judah,” to the church - to Jesus’ people.

Author's Note: These are the notes of a sermon and so some thoughts are not fully "fleshed out." This is partly by design in all my sermons so that there might be room for God's Spirit to show up in ways that might be unexpected. In addition, the links I will be providing throughout these posts will be varied each week. Though you may not find a favorite book this week, it doesn't mean I won't refer to it in the future.

Books Cited In This Sermon:

I'll Be Back. Just Not Now.

For many weeks now, I've struggled to get back here to my blog to write and post sermon notes.  That obviously hasn't happened.  It has been hard to give time to my blog over this past year since my wife's diagnosis with stage 4 colon cancer.  Our hope was to have her final surgery in September.  However, before that surgery could be done, we found the cancer metastasized to her liver.  This has obviously changed our world.

I am envious of so many who feel they can do all they can do and still have time to write and maintain a blog.  I simply cannot do it.  As a husband, father and pastor, my priority is directing my attention to those closest to me and who I have a responsibility for as an ordained elder.

The nature of blogging requires a writer to be far more consistent than I have been able to be to this point.  I do not know what the future holds.  I maybe back here sooner rather than later, I just don't know.  What I do know is I need to give myself permission to not worry about this blog.  I won't be taking anything down so all my stuff to date will stay here.

Your thoughts and prayers have meant a great deal.  If you think of us, please continue to pray.  I will be doing a sermon series on suffering in November and will try to post those sermons here as a way to update.

Already know you that which you need!

Hello My Name Is... Hospitality and Approachability

When you begin the work of starting a new church, you usually begin with 1: you.  You may or the people who join you on the journey, well, they come because of a relationship that began because you, as the church planting pastor, reached out to them, you engaged them.  Scott Ginsberg, calls this “approachability”-being ready to engage.  The idea behind approachability came about as Scott went about wearing a nametag, everyday, all day. as of Monday of this past week Scott has worn a nametag now for 5,408 days straight.  

While I am not as prolific at “nametagging” as Scott has been, I found his idea intriguing and began nametagging as a church planter.  I’ve discovered it isn’t always easy to nametag but it is a great way to meet people and start conversations.  The Dale Carnegie Tip #6 states: “A person’s name is the sweetest and most important sound in any language. ”
Forgetting someone’s name is also one of the most uncomfortable moments a person can experience too.  

Scott has transformed wearing a nametag into a brand.  He has written over 30 books, written 3,000 articles, and given more than 600 speeches throughout the world.   His goal has been simple: to make the world friendlier.  I know that wearing a nametag is not on the top of your list but let me ask you, doesn’t it feel good to know people’s names?  Knowing names is like the “ooey-gooey warm chocolate brownie with ice cream” for your soul.  Don’t believe me?  At lunch today, call your server by their name with a smile throughout the meal.  I’m fairly sure they’ll have a nametag.  See what kind of difference it makes.   Then, imagine the difference it makes to guests who arrive in church and find that we were expecting them!

Why would I make such a big deal about name tags?  Here is why: Before people meet Jesus, they meet you.  How will they think about Jesus after that moment?   

1)To help: console, minister to the needs of others
2)To learn: acquire info about others, themselves and the world
3)To relate: establish and maintain interpersonal relationships
4)To influence: inspire, direct, lead, manage
5)To play: enjoy themselves, escape from work

Let’s look at two important moments in Jesus’ ministry, both are all about engaging:
Mark 1:16-17  16 As Jesus passed along the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother Andrew casting a net into the lake—for they were fishermen. 17And Jesus said to them, ‘Follow me and I will make you fish for people.’

The other is from John 4:9-10. 9The Samaritan woman said to him, ‘How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?’ (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.) 10Jesus answered her, ‘If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, “Give me a drink”, you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.’

To the fisherman, Jesus appeals to a calling or yearning for these men to learn how to make difference in other people’s lives.  To do that, Jesus met them where they were - fishing. Jesus was starting a movement and was looking for just such people, people that Jesus could influence and help.

While wearing a nametag, I have served on the staff of Dollar Tree, Target, and Home Depot just to name a few places.  People were willing to engage because they believed I knew something they did not.  If anyone was motivated in history, it was Jesus. At heart, Jesus' motivation was love (God loved the world remember (John 3:16)). But Jesus alsot responded to the motivators in others.

I think this is what happened at the well. Jesus recognized a need in the life of the woman at the well.  On the surface, she thought she knew her need and experienced the need through thirst.  But Jesus engaged her there and spoke to another need, a need she had to be in relationship. She had been looking for it in unhealthy ways. In Jesus, found one who could fulfill that hole in her soul.

If just knowing names was all it took, the world would be a vastly different place.  Remember what I said: before people meet Jesus, they meet you.  Imagine people arriving here for the first time, not as a visitor (think - stranger) but as a guest (someone you wanted to come!)  Jesus lived expecting to engage and be engaged by others.  Hospitality is all about making room in life for others.  This is the kind of church I believe Jesus is desiring us to become.  

May I Ask? Are you going to be Jesus for another?  How?

A Death Obsession

I watched the new trailer for the upcoming Deadpool movie from Marvel Studios.  Wow.  I knew it was going to be violent, Deadpool is a genetically modified human mercenary.  If you follow the Marvel universe stories, you also know that the “Merc with a Mouth” has a rather vulgar and offensive sense of humor.  Make no mistake, this will be rated R and not a superhero movie for children.  But it brought home to me something I have talked about but never written about, namely our societal death obsession.  

Our news stories lately have been singular focused about death lately from unborn babies and a lion.  Just a cursory reading we find those who are outraged at the former seem not at all concerned about the latter and vice-versa.  Many of my friends fit within these two opposing views.  Both of these new stories tell of a terminal death, that is, a death that ends life.  

I think we have now nurtured a obsession with terminal death in our society.  We want our entertainment and our heroes darker, more gritty.  When death is involved, we want the cameras right in the middle of it.  ISIS executions are played over and over again.  There has been a cry since I was a kid, media has desensitized us to death.  Here in the USA, few of us face death.  We don’t live on farms anymore and fewer and fewer hunt so we miss this natural part of the life cycle.  The full life cycle which humanity has known for centuries, is far less common.  When we do face it, it is more likely to be in the sterile environments of medical facilities and less in our daily world.

We’ve created a mystery to death.  Yes, we fear the rising instances of mass shootings and violence in minority communities.  We are anxious regarding terrorism and religious persecutions.  But we remain intrigued, obsessing over death but we shy away from reflecting on our mortality.  When terminal death comes we act like it is somehow abnormal.

But it isn’t the only death.  No, and though terminal death is what we seem to most focus on and find entertainment from, there is another death which gets far less attention.  Author and speaker, Ron Rolheiser terms this other death; paschal death.  He writes:
“Paschal death, like terminal death, is real.  However, paschal death is a death that, while ending one kind of life, opens the person undergoing it to receive a deeper and richer form of life.” (146, “The Holy Longing”)
A paschal death, is part of the mystery of God’s work at Easter. Rolheiser describes this death as part of our living life and so it is “a process of transformation within which we are given both new life and new spirit (147, ibid).”

Jesus describes this paschal death by pointing to what happens to a grain of wheat..
“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. (John 12:24-25 ESV)”

The Apostle Paul uses the image of an “old self” being “crucified” which overlaps the image of Jesus as the crucified and risen Christ.  He states it this way, “We know that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. For one who has died has been set free from sin. (Romans 6:6-7 ESV)”

Our life journey and our faith journey (whether we see them separate or the same isn’t so important at this point), if done in a healthy way, need healthy models for us to use through our lives.  Traditional rites of passage for young boys and girls have been appropriate for this and I wonder if, in the west, as we have lost these rites, our death obsession isn’t rooted in the lack of ceremonies celebrating maturity.  

Again referring to Rolheiser, humans need to live out a “process of transformation, of dying and letting go so as to receive new life and new spirit.”  There are multiple images and stories in the Bible pointing to this transformation.  Rolheiser offers a “paschal cycle” for our life journey based on Jesus’ own experience:

  1. Good Friday…”the loss of life-real death”
  2. Easter Sunday… “the reception of new life”
  3. Forty Days… “a time for readjustment to the new and for grieving the old”
  4. Ascension… “letting go of the old and letting it bless you, the refusal to cling”
  5. Pentecost… “the reception of new spirit for the new life that one is already living”

We find traces of the paschal cycle in a number of places.  We find it John Wesley’s description of our growth in grace as we journey to entire sanctification and ultimately, glorification.  James Fowler’s “Stages of Faith” and Janet Hagberg’s “The Critical Journey,” offer additional religious models of growth.  Secularly speaking, the developmentalist theories of Piaget, Kohlberg, Kegan, Gilligan and others also observe this.
Today’s current emphasis on spiritual formation is shedding more light on the transformation work God is about in our lives.  As we are in the process of spiritual formation, we see again and again, how we are not intended to compartmentalize our lives.  Life is not intended to be divided between secular and spiritual.  Scripture does not paint a picture of a life divided between our work, our family and our worship but as a whole so when a “death” takes place, a change of life, we have the opportunity to allow the seed to die or to put an old self to death.

The Church has the answer to death: resurrection.  In Jesus we have both the overcoming of physical death but we also have resurrection of our lives here and now.  A gospel without resurrection is not Good News.  It is not “good” and it is not “news.”  Jesus’ Gospel offers hope for paschal death and terminal death and we need theology which can encompass both.  

I see it again and again as part of my life’s work.  As my wife and I talk about her upcoming surgery, her “fourth quarter” in her treatment for colon cancer, we have had to talk about those things which need to die, or better said, HAVE to die.  While it is helpful to name events, or hopes or dreams, we still must put these “things” in the grave.  I need a “Good Friday” where I bury these and I need Good Friday where death is swallowed in victory.   We all do.

Supernatural: Know Your Enemy

I am sorry.  Really, I am.  When I planned this series and looked around for resources and guidance, I thought, “No problem!  I know about this!”  I had a number of friends in college who were well versed in spiritual warfare and spent a good bit of time with charismatics and pentecostal, as I sought to make clear God’s calling in my life.  I value their friendship to this day.  But as I have read and researched each week I have been convicted by how lax I have grown.  I think it is fair to say, I apologize on behalf of my clergy brothers and sisters as well.  It is far to easy steer clear of the topic of devil’s work.  This week, has made some things  very clear so today I intend to remedy, in part, where I have fallen short

To begin, in my mind and experience there is no better counsel in the practical application of the Biblical message than are contained in the words of Rev. John Wesley.  In regards to the nature and work of the enemy, Wesley knew all too well the work of the devil and of demons.  Not only by his study of scripture but by experience and study of humanity.  

The prophet Isaiah in 14:12-14 describes “the morning star, son of the dawn’ as the one who first proclaimed to the one who said, “I will make myself the Most High.”  In the John’s Book of Revelation 12:7-9, the devil is described as “the dragon; that ancient serpent” who, together with his angels sought to battle with Michael and his angels but was defeated and cast down.  In his Explanatory Notes on the New Testament, John Wesley puts the words of 1 John in an important light for us to keep in mind, “that is, [the devil] was the first sinner in the universe and has continued to sin ever since.”  You cannot come up with an original sin.  There is an expert at this work.  The devil can do it better (remember what I said the first week: we are not equal to the devil).

Our journey of faith begins at the moment we come to believe, that God truly loves us and has healed the great wound which sin has inflicted on us so we can believe in Jesus Christ.  Jesus’ blood healed that wound.  But this great wound in our being was caused by Satan when his suggestions raised unbelief in Eve.  John Wesley described unbelief as the “first work” of Satan, and we know it only too well.  But even so, Jesus defeated this first work of Satan.

But Mr. Wesley observes that Satan had another work, his grandest work: that of pride; or I call it, self-idolatry (see Sermon 38,4. “Caution Against Bigotry).  The devil and his demons work to make us think WE ARE THE CENTER; but remember this is no original idea either, it started with the devil remember?  You and I are not going to usurp him.  Jesus strikes at the root of this self-idolatry so we might humble ourselves.  As we look to Jesus, believe in Jesus, it is he who destroys our love of the world.    “As Satan turned the heart of [humanity] from the Creator to the creature, so the Son of God turns [our] heart back again from the creature to the Creator,” writes Rev. Wesley (Sermon 62, “The End of Christ’s Coming, see also Sermon 42, “Satan’s Devices”).

Both Old and New Testament give us a picture of the work of the devil, but what of demons?  As noted in Revelation, they are described as fallen angels who do the work of the devil in this world.  Their work in the world can be narrowed down to three focus areas:

  1. Demons inflict SUFFERING.  In Mark’s gospel (5;2-8) we see the demon known as “Legion” causing a man to cut himself with stones.  In Matthew 17:15-18, a man’s son is possessed by a demon who causes him to have seizures.  Our bodies weak and frail.  Not every disease or sickness is demon inspired but clearly some are.

  1. Demons LURE you from God.  Paul warns Timothy of a day when Christians will abandon their faith because of “things taught by demons” (1 Timothy 4:1).  I have heard things I’d like to believe are true, things that would make life less messy.  Be warned, the demonic are in the midst of some of these teachings.

  1. Demons sow FEAR. To the Roman church (Romans 8) and to Timothy (2 Tim. 1:6-7), Paul reminds his readers, God does not give a spirit of fear.  God’s Spirit gives us 1) Assurance of salvation and 2) Power, love and a sound mind (sound similar to last week?)  Where does fear come from then?  Point the finger at the enemy. (see Craig Groeschel at

How do we face the enemy?  Well, I’ve been building on this each week.  This is the third week, so lets touch base on what I’ve said before and get us to what we need to know today.

First, we are to put on the armor of God and STAND FIRM.  We are to give no ground to Satan and the demonic.  Secondly, we are to be SINGULAR IN THOUGHT with the MIND OF CHRIST: We are to be done with SIN in our lives.  The militant Christian must recognize the enemy is coming after us, to cause unbelief and raise up self-idolatry.  So today, when we do face the enemy, we are to fight with God’s AUTHORITY not by our power.  James makes it clear: “Submit yourselves, then to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.  Come near to God and he will come near to you.( James 4:7-8)”  When Jesus sent out the disciples in Matthew 10, the Bible says clearly the Jesus, “gave them authority to drive out evil spirits.”  On our own we don’t have what it takes to fight the devil and the demons but the war is already won!  We are on the side of the victor so stand firm!

Remember the first work of the devil.  It is unbelief.  If there is one thing the devil despises more than anything is to see a church forming a single minded purpose of helping others believe in Jesus Christ.  Satan and his fallen angels will be about the work of causing you to doubt.   Satan could care less that you just show up and are present in church.  Many people come to church who don’t believe. You are no threat.  But what if you start to pray?  What if you give financially?  What if you respond to an appeal to serve?  And hell forbid, you witness to others about what Jesus has done in your life!  

MAY I ASK? Consider for a moment the three ways demons cause us to journey toward unbelief. Which one do you find yourself struggling with the most? Do you find it hard to resist? If so, are you singular in thought? Have you put on God's armor? Are you trying to battle Satan or are you standing firm? Remember, there is only one Christ and you are not him! Let that bring you peace and focus on battling the enemy one element at a time.

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